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Chapter 4: Stress and Its Multiple Faces
The term ‘stress’ has become accepted into everyday language to describe a diversity of disturbing or upsetting human experiences. Cohen et al. (1997: 3) defined stress as ‘a process in which environmental demands tax or exceed the adaptive capacity of an organism, resulting in psychological and biological changes that may place persons at risk for disease'. At the core of this definition is the concept of adaptation. It appears that there is a paradox – the adaptive nature of stress may come along with possible maladaptive consequences.
The stress response ...