- Subject index
The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on various contexts and applications of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Health and Psychological Adjustment Part 2: Social Behavior Part 3: Personality in the Workplace With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.
Chapter 4: Stress and Its Multiple Faces
Stress and Its Multiple Faces
The term ‘stress’ has become accepted into everyday language to describe a diversity of disturbing or upsetting human experiences. Cohen et al. (1997: 3) defined stress as ‘a process in which environmental demands tax or exceed the adaptive capacity of an organism, resulting in psychological and biological changes that may place persons at risk for disease'. At the core of this definition is the concept of adaptation. It appears that there is a paradox – the adaptive nature of stress may come along with possible maladaptive consequences.
The stress response ...