The SAGE Handbook of Nature offers an ambitious retrospective and prospective overview of the field that aims to position Nature, the environment and natural processes, at the heart of interdisciplinary social sciences. The three volumes are divided into the following parts: INTRODUCTION TO THE HANDBOOK NATURAL AND SOCIO-NATURAL VULNERABILITIES: INTERWEAVING THE NATURAL & SOCIAL SCIENCES SPACING NATURES: SUSTAINABLE PLACE MAKING AND ADAPTATION COUPLED AND (DE-COUPLED) SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS RISK AND THE ENVIRONMENT: SOCIAL THEORIES, PUBLIC UNDERSTANDINGS, & THE SCIENCE-POLICY INTERFACE HUNGRY AND THIRSTY CITIES AND THEIR REGIONS CRITICAL CONSUMERISM AND ITS MANUFACTURED NATURES GENDERED NATURES AND ECO-FEMINISM REPRODUCTIVE NATURES: PLANTS, ANIMALS AND PEOPLE NATURE, CLASS AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY BIO-SENSITIVITY & THE ECOLOGIES OF HEALTH THE RESOURCE NEXUS AND ITS RELEVANCE SUSTAINABLE URBAN COMMUNITIES RURAL NATURES AND THEIR CO-PRODUCTION This handbook is a key critical research resource for researchers and practitioners across the social sciences and their contributions to related disciplines associated with the fast developing interdisciplinary field of sustainability science.
Chapter 10: Human Vulnerability and Resilience to Environmental Hazards
Human Vulnerability and Resilience to Environmental Hazards
Hazards from Nature or Society?
Nature produces phenomena – such as earthquakes, floods, windstorms, and meteorites – which can be hazardous to humanity and so they are termed ‘environmental hazards’ or ‘natural hazards'. They are often said to lead to or ‘cause’ disasters, implying the misnomer ‘natural disasters'. The phrase ‘natural disaster’ misleads because it is based on a misinterpretation that disasters involving environmental hazards are caused by nature without human causality and are the ‘natural’ state of affairs.
Disaster risk can instead be interpreted to comprise three components. One component is hazard, which encompasses environmental hazards. The other two components form a complementary pair. These are vulnerability (susceptibility to ...