The SAGE Handbook of Modern Japanese Studies includes outstanding contributions from a diverse group of leading academics from across the globe. This volume is designed to serve as a major interdisciplinary reference work and a seminal text, both rigorous and accessible, to assist students and scholars in understanding one of the major nations of the world.
Chapter 17: Bioethics and Medico-legal Issues in Japan
Bioethics and Medico-legal Issues in Japan
Ascension into the world's spotlight for its excellent health care outcomes and highly advanced technology also aroused attention to Japan in the realm of biomedical ethics because of very different cultural values. Furthermore, different legal systems and social institutions, particularly in the multidisciplinary field of biomedical ethics, make for rich comparisons, discussions, and inquiries. Though not a unanimous position among scholars, Japan's long history of feudalism appears to have influenced the physician paternalism and views about professionalism that dominated for the bulk of the twentieth century (Nishigori, Harrison, Busari & Dornan, 2014). The early emergence in the modern bioethics movement in North America of the four principles approach to medical ethics – respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice as popularized by Beauchamp and ...