The SAGE Handbook of Modern Japanese Studies includes outstanding contributions from a diverse group of leading academics from across the globe. This volume is designed to serve as a major interdisciplinary reference work and a seminal text, both rigorous and accessible, to assist students and scholars in understanding one of the major nations of the world.

Medical Education in Japan

Medical Education in Japan
Michael D. FettersIzumi Yokoyama


In this chapter, we provide a concise overview ranging from the historical to the modern era about the medical education system in Japan. Though shorter than the fascinating overview of John Z. Bowers (Bowers, 1965), the current synopsis seeks to include historical events and their consequences, as well as an updated in-depth view based on the literature and extensive professional experience held by one of us (MF) in teaching and lecturing in Japanese medical schools and hospitals. An understanding of that evolution requires some retracing of historic events introduced in Chapter 14 with a focus on educational features.

Historical roots of Japan's modern medical education system

As illustrated in Chapter 14, Japan's long medical history includes two strong influences, East Asian medicine (Tōyō igaku) and Western medicine. Tōyō ...

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