The SAGE Handbook of Modern Japanese Studies includes outstanding contributions from a diverse group of leading academics from across the globe. This volume is designed to serve as a major interdisciplinary reference work and a seminal text, both rigorous and accessible, to assist students and scholars in understanding one of the major nations of the world.
Chapter 14: A Brief History of Japanese Medicine
A Brief History of Japanese Medicine
Medicine in Japan today can best be understood by placing it in the context of its historical roots. In Table 14.1, we trace Japan's story of a healing tradition that is attributed to mythical practices and beliefs. Medical practice transformed gradually in Japan following the introduction of Chinese medical practices and theory. We provide pivotal events in history to illustrate the rich influences on medicine during different eras from the Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch, Germans, and Americans. A comprehensive history of medicine in Japan would require many more volumes. Although there are many other interesting stories and portraits that could have been added, we have chosen select events and individuals to illustrate the origins of Japanese medicine that continue to influence views ...