The SAGE Handbook of Modern Japanese Studies includes outstanding contributions from a diverse group of leading academics from across the globe. This volume is designed to serve as a major interdisciplinary reference work and a seminal text, both rigorous and accessible, to assist students and scholars in understanding one of the major nations of the world.
Chapter 11: Gender Equity in Japan
Gender Equity in Japan
The concept of gender equity in Japan may be analyzed from several different perspectives. While the term gender equity is open to interpretation, agreed definitions include the following: equal access to education and educational attainment; equal participation in the work force, including hiring, promotion and salary; and access to political and governmental positions, including ministerial, legislative and possibly judicial roles that involve policy making. Additional meanings may challenge biased treatment of women in school texts and other relevant publications, extend equality to local and prefectural as well as national government and seek to redefine relations between men and women in other significant ways.
This chapter focuses on selected policies related to gender equity, specifically education, gender equality and employment. At the outset, and to provide a context for ...