The second volume in The SAGE Handbook of Industrial, Organizational and Work Psychology looks in detail at how teams and individuals function and perform. It covers motivation and organizational socialisation as well as the latest research into diversity and organizational culture in the workplace. Chapter topics include goal setting, employee development, team design and trust at work. Volume II is a key resource for anyone working in or studying organizational psychology.

Attitudes: Satisfaction, Commitment and Involvement

Attitudes: Satisfaction, Commitment and Involvement
Marcus Credé

Introduction

Based on classic definitions of attitudes (Eagly & Chaiken, 1993), and more recent definitions of specific job attitudes (e.g., job satisfaction, Judge, Hulin, & Dalal, 2012), this chapter defines job attitudes as ‘affective responses to and cognitive evaluations of job experiences and the job situation'. Because job experiences and the job situation are themselves multidimensional many constructs with attitudinal features have been identified and studied. These attitudinal constructs differ primarily with regard to the specificity of the entity being evaluated: some focusing on broad entities such as the organization in which the job is embedded (e.g., organizational commitment, Mowday, Porter & Steers, 1982; Perceived Organizational Support, Rhoades & Eisenberger, 2002) ...

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