The second volume in The SAGE Handbook of Industrial, Organizational and Work Psychology looks in detail at how teams and individuals function and perform. It covers motivation and organizational socialisation as well as the latest research into diversity and organizational culture in the workplace. Chapter topics include goal setting, employee development, team design and trust at work. Volume II is a key resource for anyone working in or studying organizational psychology.

Chapter 7: Goal Setting Theory: Controversies and Resolutions

Goal Setting Theory: Controversies and Resolutions

Goal Setting Theory: Controversies and Resolutions
Gary P. Latham Edwin A. Locke

Introduction

Goal setting research has been proliferating since the beginning of the twentieth century and continues unabated in the present century. Hence, there have been numerous reviews of this body of work (e.g., Latham & Locke, 2007; Latham & Yukl, 1975a; Locke & Latham, 2002; Locke, Shaw, Saari, & Latham, 1981). The purpose of this chapter is ten-fold. First, studies of goal setting conducted prior to the 1960s are selectively reviewed. Second, the inductive development of the theory of goal setting is explained in terms of the discovery of the causal relationships it specifies, the moderators or boundary conditions, and ...

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