The first volume in The SAGE Handbook of Industrial, Organizational and Work Psychology introduces key concepts in personnel and employee performance from cognitive ability and the psychological predictors used in assessments to employee and team values. The editor and contributors present a clear overview of key research in the areas of behaviour change and how to assess individual job performance - making Volume I indispensable for anyone working in or studying Human Resource Management.
Chapter 18: Applicant Perspectives on Employee Selection Systems
Applicant Perspectives on Employee Selection Systems
Historically, personnel selection has investigated how to select the right candidate for the job to benefit the functioning of the organization. The needs of the organization – in terms of the human capital needed to fill a particular job opening – were the primary focus, with the predictive validity of selection procedures being paramount. Although some mention was made regarding concepts like ‘face validity', that is, the degree to which the selection process looks job-related to the applicant, the viewpoint of the applicant was rarely considered.
Over time, greater attention was placed on personnel selection from the perspective of job applicants. More specifically, researchers began ...