The first volume in The SAGE Handbook of Industrial, Organizational and Work Psychology introduces key concepts in personnel and employee performance from cognitive ability and the psychological predictors used in assessments to employee and team values. The editor and contributors present a clear overview of key research in the areas of behaviour change and how to assess individual job performance - making Volume I indispensable for anyone working in or studying Human Resource Management.
Chapter 9: Cognitive Ability
In the broadest sense, cognitive ability is the capacity to process, understand, reason with, and remember information. Cognitive ability comprises a large variety of constructs that differ in terms of their specificity and the hierarchical level they occupy in the construct taxonomy, which is why scholars frequently use the term cognitive abilities in the plural form. In this chapter, cognitive ability refers to the entire construct domain, including the many lower-order, specific (but highly related) abilities. General mental ability (GMA) refers to what these abilities have in common – termed intelligence by many, and expressed in the statistical concept of the general factor (often termed g) extracted from a large variety of specific ability measures.
Individuals apply cognitive abilities to most ...