The first volume in The SAGE Handbook of Industrial, Organizational and Work Psychology introduces key concepts in personnel and employee performance from cognitive ability and the psychological predictors used in assessments to employee and team values. The editor and contributors present a clear overview of key research in the areas of behaviour change and how to assess individual job performance - making Volume I indispensable for anyone working in or studying Human Resource Management.
Chapter 7: Adaptive Performance
One of the major endeavors in industrial, work, and organizational psychology has been to understand and predict individual job performance (Viswesvaran, 2001). Traditional models of job performance focused on individuals’ task and interpersonal behaviors in a static environment. Complementing traditional models of job performance, research on adaptive performance (AP) emphasizes individuals’ responses to changing work environments. Recent developments on AP research have warranted an in-depth review of the literature.
We begin this chapter with a brief historical background of the AP literature and discuss the primary conceptualizations of AP. Our critical review of the literature, organized by two dominant research paradigms, focuses on key studies that advance understanding of AP. After the review, we highlight the ...