Historical geography is an active, theoretically-informed and vibrant field of study within modern geography, with strong interdisciplinary connections with the humanities and the social sciences. The SAGE Handbook of Historical Geography provides an international and in-depth overview of the field with chapters that examine the history, present condition and future significance of historical geography in relation to recent developments and current research. The Handbook is in two volumes, divided across nine parts. Volume One includes commentaries on the history and geography of historical geography, and reviews how historical geographers have considered the appropriation, management and representation of landscape, the changing geographies of property, land, money and financial capital, and the demographic, medical and political analysis of the world's growing and mobile population. Volume Two shows how historical geographers have made significant contributions to geopolitical debates about the relationships between nation-states and empires, to environmental challenges posed by human interaction with the natural world, to studies of the cultural, intellectual and political implications of modern science and technology, and to investigations of communicative action, artefacts, performances and representations. The final part reviews the methodological and ethical challenges of historical geography as a publicly engaged research practice. Part 1: Histories and Geographies; Part 2: Land and Landscapes; Part 3: Property and Money; Part 4: Population and Mobility; Part 5: Territory and Geopolitics; Part 6: Environment and Nature; Part 7: Science and Technology; Part 8: Meaning and Communication; and Part 9: Studies in Practice.

Chapter 27: Borders

Borders

Borders
Cordelia Freeman

Introduction

Despite repeated claims that we are living in an increasingly borderless world, physical borders are now more numerous and less porous than ever. From the European migrant crisis to President Trump's border obsessions and Brexit, borders in the modern age are inescapable. Movement around the world can be relatively frictionless for goods and capital, but the majority of the world's people do not enjoy such mobility. Geographers have long been fascinated by borders because they have the dual capacity to divide people and to bring them together. The global resurgence of borders has made these lines on the map ripe for further investigation. This seemingly new era of migration and cross-border mobility needs to be understood in its historical context. Borders are ...

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