Historical geography is an active, theoretically-informed and vibrant field of study within modern geography, with strong interdisciplinary connections with the humanities and the social sciences. The SAGE Handbook of Historical Geography provides an international and in-depth overview of the field with chapters that examine the history, present condition and future significance of historical geography in relation to recent developments and current research. The Handbook is in two volumes, divided across nine parts. Volume One includes commentaries on the history and geography of historical geography, and reviews how historical geographers have considered the appropriation, management and representation of landscape, the changing geographies of property, land, money and financial capital, and the demographic, medical and political analysis of the world's growing and mobile population. Volume Two shows how historical geographers have made significant contributions to geopolitical debates about the relationships between nation-states and empires, to environmental challenges posed by human interaction with the natural world, to studies of the cultural, intellectual and political implications of modern science and technology, and to investigations of communicative action, artefacts, performances and representations. The final part reviews the methodological and ethical challenges of historical geography as a publicly engaged research practice. Part 1: Histories and Geographies; Part 2: Land and Landscapes; Part 3: Property and Money; Part 4: Population and Mobility; Part 5: Territory and Geopolitics; Part 6: Environment and Nature; Part 7: Science and Technology; Part 8: Meaning and Communication; and Part 9: Studies in Practice.
Part V: Territory and Geopolitics
The concepts explored in this part are inherently political and were for many decades regarded as the ‘natural’ preserve of political geography. While the processes by which territory is delimited and demarcated into national, regional, and other administrative spaces have been a concern of political geography from the eighteenth century, the relationship between political geography and geopolitics (a term coined in the late 1890s by Swedish political scientist Rudolf Kjellén) is both more recent and more contentious. In some contexts, notably in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, geopolitics was considered not as a component of a pre-existing tradition of political geography, nor even as an extension of this sub-discipline, but as its self-consciously modern alternative, a campaigning ...