Historical geography is an active, theoretically-informed and vibrant field of study within modern geography, with strong interdisciplinary connections with the humanities and the social sciences. The SAGE Handbook of Historical Geography provides an international and in-depth overview of the field with chapters that examine the history, present condition and future significance of historical geography in relation to recent developments and current research. The Handbook is in two volumes, divided across nine parts. Volume One includes commentaries on the history and geography of historical geography, and reviews how historical geographers have considered the appropriation, management and representation of landscape, the changing geographies of property, land, money and financial capital, and the demographic, medical and political analysis of the world's growing and mobile population. Volume Two shows how historical geographers have made significant contributions to geopolitical debates about the relationships between nation-states and empires, to environmental challenges posed by human interaction with the natural world, to studies of the cultural, intellectual and political implications of modern science and technology, and to investigations of communicative action, artefacts, performances and representations. The final part reviews the methodological and ethical challenges of historical geography as a publicly engaged research practice. Part 1: Histories and Geographies; Part 2: Land and Landscapes; Part 3: Property and Money; Part 4: Population and Mobility; Part 5: Territory and Geopolitics; Part 6: Environment and Nature; Part 7: Science and Technology; Part 8: Meaning and Communication; and Part 9: Studies in Practice.
Chapter 20: Troubling, Troubled, Troublesome
Troubling, Troubled, Troublesome
‘Riveted alive in iron’: that is how fifty-five-year-old asylum patient, James Norris, was described by philanthropist Edward Wakefield on his visit to Bethlem Hospital in 1814 (Figure 20.1). Norris, intelligent and once an American seaman, was permanently chained to his bed in June 1804 due to his violent behaviour towards staff and other patients in the hospital. Described by his keepers as the most violent and dangerous patient ever admitted to the hospital (Andrews et al. 1997, 426), Norris was confined, restrained and controlled within an asylum system:
A stout iron ring was riveted round his neck, from which a short chain passed through a ring made to slide upwards and downwards on an upright massive iron bar, more ...