Historical geography is an active, theoretically-informed and vibrant field of study within modern geography, with strong interdisciplinary connections with the humanities and the social sciences. The SAGE Handbook of Historical Geography provides an international and in-depth overview of the field with chapters that examine the history, present condition and future significance of historical geography in relation to recent developments and current research. The Handbook is in two volumes, divided across nine parts. Volume One includes commentaries on the history and geography of historical geography, and reviews how historical geographers have considered the appropriation, management and representation of landscape, the changing geographies of property, land, money and financial capital, and the demographic, medical and political analysis of the world's growing and mobile population. Volume Two shows how historical geographers have made significant contributions to geopolitical debates about the relationships between nation-states and empires, to environmental challenges posed by human interaction with the natural world, to studies of the cultural, intellectual and political implications of modern science and technology, and to investigations of communicative action, artefacts, performances and representations. The final part reviews the methodological and ethical challenges of historical geography as a publicly engaged research practice. Part 1: Histories and Geographies; Part 2: Land and Landscapes; Part 3: Property and Money; Part 4: Population and Mobility; Part 5: Territory and Geopolitics; Part 6: Environment and Nature; Part 7: Science and Technology; Part 8: Meaning and Communication; and Part 9: Studies in Practice.
Chapter 17: Enumerating the Populace
Enumerating the Populace
If we begin by defining a ‘populace’ or ‘population’ (the two terms will be used interchangeably here) as a collection of all individuals residing within a reasonably well-demarcated territory, there have been ‘enumerations of the populace’ since ancient times. What follows focuses upon proper counts of an entire, territorially circumscribed national population – that is, upon censuses. Examples will be drawn primarily from the ‘golden age’ of census taking, roughly from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. The argument draws upon research on censuses in many parts of the world, but with a disproportionate focus upon the United States and Germany, the settings for the author's own research. The chapter makes no claims to representativeness or ...