• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This two-volume Handbook provides a major thematic overview of global sexualities, spanning each of the continents, and its study, which is both reflective and prospective, and includes traditional approaches and emerging themes. The Handbook offers a robust theoretical underpinning and critical outlook on current global, glocal, and 'new' sexualities and practices, whilst offering an extensive reflection on current challenges and future directions of the field. The broad coverage of topics engages with a range of theories, and maintains a multi-disciplinary framework. PART ONE: Understanding Sexuality: Epistemologies/Conceptual and Methodological Challenges; PART TWO: Enforcing and Challenging Sexual Norms; PART THREE: Interrogating/Undoing Sexual Categories; PART FOUR: Enhancement Practices and Sexual Markets/Industries; PART FIVE: Sexual Rights and Citizenship (And the Governance of Sexuality); PART SIX: Sexuality and Social Movements; and PART SEVEN: Language and Cultural Representation.

Chapter 36: Questioning Pathologization in Clinical Practice and Research from Trans and Intersex Perspectives

Questioning Pathologization in Clinical Practice and Research from Trans and Intersex Perspectives
Questioning pathologization in clinical practice and research from trans and intersex perspectives
Amets Suess Schwend
Introduction

The contemporary Western conceptualization of gender and bodily diversity is based on a medical model that pathologizes gender expressions and identities that differ from the social expectations related to one's sex assigned at birth, as well as sex characteristics that do not fit into the socially and medically established binary standard of male or female bodies. This medical model is historically recent, emerging in the middle of the twentieth century, when theoretical models, clinical standards and diagnostic categories related to transexuality and intersexuality were developed.1 As a consequence of this medical model that ...

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