This two-volume Handbook provides a major thematic overview of global sexualities, spanning each of the continents, and its study, which is both reflective and prospective, and includes traditional approaches and emerging themes. The Handbook offers a robust theoretical underpinning and critical outlook on current global, glocal, and 'new' sexualities and practices, whilst offering an extensive reflection on current challenges and future directions of the field. The broad coverage of topics engages with a range of theories, and maintains a multi-disciplinary framework. PART ONE: Understanding Sexuality: Epistemologies/Conceptual and Methodological Challenges; PART TWO: Enforcing and Challenging Sexual Norms; PART THREE: Interrogating/Undoing Sexual Categories; PART FOUR: Enhancement Practices and Sexual Markets/Industries; PART FIVE: Sexual Rights and Citizenship (And the Governance of Sexuality); PART SIX: Sexuality and Social Movements; and PART SEVEN: Language and Cultural Representation.
Chapter 31: Sexual Citizenship Re-centred: Gender and Sexual Diversity in Indonesia
Sexual Citizenship Re-centred: Gender and Sexual Diversity in Indonesia
Sexual citizenship remains a concept underutilised in Asia, not least because staking a claim to sexual rights can be dangerous (Mackie, 2017). The notion that citizen sexuality is properly circumscribed by the state has long been evident, however. By the post-Second World War era, legitimate Asian subjects were already clearly defined around notions of proper sexual citizenship, with newly independent states promoting the nuclear family as a marker of national identity and key to controlling population and promoting economic growth (Jones, 1995). From Singapore (Teo, 2011) and Malaysia (Stivens, 2006) to Indonesia (Hoon, 2004), the ‘Asian family’ became the ...