The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory expounds the development of critical theory from its founding thinkers to its contemporary formulations in an interdisciplinary setting. It maps the terrain of a critical social theory, expounding its distinctive character vis-a-vis alternative theoretical perspectives, exploring its theoretical foundations and developments, conceptualising its subject matters both past and present, and signalling its possible future in a time of great uncertainty. Taking a distinctively theoretical, interdisciplinary, international and contemporary perspective on the topic, this wide-ranging collection of chapters is arranged thematically over three volumes: Volume I: Key Texts and Contributions to a Critical Theory of Society Volume II: Themes Volume III: Contexts This Handbook is essential reading for scholars and students in the field, showcasing the scholarly rigor, intellectual acuteness and negative force of critical social theory, past and present.

Marx, Marxism, Critical Theory

Marx, Marxism, Critical Theory

Marx, Marxism, Critical Theory
Jan Hoff

In contemporary ‘Critical Theory’, Theodor is often seen as a ‘cultural critic’ or a ‘music theorist’, whereas Max is reduced to ‘having played the second fiddle’. This became especially clear during the ‘Adorno year’, 2003, when commentators in the (German) mainstream media wrote long articles about Adorno, which by and large ignored the relation of critical theory to Marxism. In distinction, this chapter elaborates the character of this relationship. It argues that at its foundation critical theory developed as a heterodox alternative to the positivist turn in Marxian thought.

This chapter is divided into seven sections. We first take a brief look at traditional Marxism, because this provides the historical background of critical ...

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