The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory expounds the development of critical theory from its founding thinkers to its contemporary formulations in an interdisciplinary setting. It maps the terrain of a critical social theory, expounding its distinctive character vis-a-vis alternative theoretical perspectives, exploring its theoretical foundations and developments, conceptualising its subject matters both past and present, and signalling its possible future in a time of great uncertainty. Taking a distinctively theoretical, interdisciplinary, international and contemporary perspective on the topic, this wide-ranging collection of chapters is arranged thematically over three volumes: Volume I: Key Texts and Contributions to a Critical Theory of Society Volume II: Themes Volume III: Contexts This Handbook is essential reading for scholars and students in the field, showcasing the scholarly rigor, intellectual acuteness and negative force of critical social theory, past and present.

Theology and Materialism

Theology and Materialism

Theology and Materialism
Julia Jopp Ansgar Martins Lars Fischer

The Frankfurt School stood in the tradition of the Enlightenment critique of religion, especially in its formulation by Feuerbach, Marx, and Freud. In response to the historical experiences of the twentieth century, it radicalized this critique in fundamental ways. For Horkheimer and Adorno, religion was no longer merely ‘opium’ or the ‘sigh of the harried creature’.1 Their critique went much further. The First World War and the failure of the German Revolution had already rocked the belief in progress and the plausibility of religious attempts to ascribe meaning to reality. These attempts now fell into the rubric Adorno described as that of ‘unbelieving belief’, ...

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