The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory expounds the development of critical theory from its founding thinkers to its contemporary formulations in an interdisciplinary setting. It maps the terrain of a critical social theory, expounding its distinctive character vis-a-vis alternative theoretical perspectives, exploring its theoretical foundations and developments, conceptualising its subject matters both past and present, and signalling its possible future in a time of great uncertainty. Taking a distinctively theoretical, interdisciplinary, international and contemporary perspective on the topic, this wide-ranging collection of chapters is arranged thematically over three volumes: Volume I: Key Texts and Contributions to a Critical Theory of Society Volume II: Themes Volume III: Contexts This Handbook is essential reading for scholars and students in the field, showcasing the scholarly rigor, intellectual acuteness and negative force of critical social theory, past and present.

Max Horkheimer and the Early Model of Critical Theory

Max Horkheimer and the Early Model of Critical Theory

Max Horkheimer and the Early Model of Critical Theory
John Abromeit

Overview of Horkheimer’s Life and Thought1

Max Horkheimer was born in 1895 near Stuttgart, Germany. His parents were members of the local Jewish community, which had grown steadily during the course of the nineteenth century and had succeeded in becoming an integral part of the city’s economic, political and cultural life. During the economic boom in Wilhelmine Germany, Horkheimer’s father established himself as a successful textile manufacturer. He tried to prepare his only son to take over his factory one day, but Horkheimer was determined from an early age to follow his own path. In 1911, Horkheimer met Friedrich Pollock, whose father was ...

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