The SAGE Handbook of Frankfurt School Critical Theory expounds the development of critical theory from its founding thinkers to its contemporary formulations in an interdisciplinary setting. It maps the terrain of a critical social theory, expounding its distinctive character vis-a-vis alternative theoretical perspectives, exploring its theoretical foundations and developments, conceptualising its subject matters both past and present, and signalling its possible future in a time of great uncertainty. Taking a distinctively theoretical, interdisciplinary, international and contemporary perspective on the topic, this wide-ranging collection of chapters is arranged thematically over three volumes: Volume I: Key Texts and Contributions to a Critical Theory of Society Volume II: Themes Volume III: Contexts This Handbook is essential reading for scholars and students in the field, showcasing the scholarly rigor, intellectual acuteness and negative force of critical social theory, past and present.

Critical Theory and the Sociology of Knowledge: Diverging Cultures of Reflexivity

Critical Theory and the Sociology of Knowledge: Diverging Cultures of Reflexivity
Oliver Schlaudt


Sociology of knowledge has been an important point of reference for critical theory. The prominent place Max Horkheimer granted to it in his seminal paper ‘Traditional and Critical Theory’ (1937) illustrates this well. While Horkheimer puts much effort into analyzing ‘traditional theory’, and into providing an accurate description of it, his treatment of ‘critical theory’ is completely different: he offers neither a definition of critical theory nor a guide on how to think critically. Instead he introduces critical theory mainly by discussing examples and counter-examples. The Critique of Political Economy and the sociology of knowledge are Horkheimer’s (1937: ...

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