• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Evolutionary psychology is an important and rapidly expanding area in the life, social, and behavioral sciences, and this Handbook represents the most comprehensive and up-to-date reference text in the field today. Chapters in this Handbook address foundational theories and methodological approaches, providing a rich overview of the most important theoretical and empirical work in the field. The SAGE Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduate students in all areas of psychology, and in related disciplines across the life, social, and behavioral sciences. Part 1: Foundations of Evolution; Part 2: Middle-Level Evolutionary Theories; and Part 3: Research Methods and Strategies.

Cross-Cultural Differences in Cognition and Learning
Cross-cultural differences in cognition and learning
Alfredo Ardila
Introduction

Cognitive abilities, usually measured with cognitive tests, represent, at least in their contents, learned abilities whose scores correlate with the subject's learning opportunities and contextual experiences. Cultural variations are evident in test scores, as culture provides us with specific models for ways of thinking, acting, and feeling. Although basic cognitive processes are universal, cultural differences in cognition reside more in the situations to which particular cognitive processes are applied than in the existence of the process in one cultural group and its absence in the other. Culture dictates what should be learned, at what age, in what conditions, and by which gender. Consequently, different cultural environments lead ...

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