During the last two decades the study of European foreign policy has experienced remarkable growth, presumably reflecting a more significant international role of the European Union. The Union has significantly expanded its policy portfolio and though empty symbolic politics still exists, the Union’s international relations have become more substantial and its foreign policy more focused. European foreign policy has become a dynamic policy area, being adapted to changing challenges and environments, such as the Arab Spring, new emerging economies/powers; the crisis of multilateralism and much more. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, Two-Volume set, is a major reference work for Foreign Policy Programmes around the world. The Handbook is designed to be accessible to graduate and postgraduate students in a wide variety of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. Both volumes are structured to address areas of critical concern to scholars at the cutting edge of all major dimensions of foreign policy. The volumes are composed of original chapters written specifically to the following themes: • Research traditions and historical experience • Theoretical perspectives• EU actors• State actors• Societal actors• The politics of European foreign policy• Bilateral relations• Relations with multilateral institutions• Individual policies• Transnational challenges The Handbook will be an essential reference for both advanced students and scholars.

European Foreign Policy on the Environment and Climate Change

European foreign policy on the environment and climate change
Lisanne Groen


During the last 40 years EU environmental policies have moved center stage and gained a pronounced international dimension. Environmental and climate change policy have become key dimensions of European foreign policy. The EU has enjoyed global leadership positions and has generally become a major player in the field. The prominence of the field has spilled over to scholarly analysis and thus generated an extensive literature, somewhat compartmentalized perhaps but thriving.

This chapter focuses on the research that has been carried out on EU external environmental and climate change policy. It provides a comprehensive review and analysis of the scholarly literature on this ...

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