During the last two decades the study of European foreign policy has experienced remarkable growth, presumably reflecting a more significant international role of the European Union. The Union has significantly expanded its policy portfolio and though empty symbolic politics still exists, the Unions international relations have become more substantial and its foreign policy more focused. European foreign policy has become a dynamic policy area, being adapted to changing challenges and environments, such as the Arab Spring, new emerging economies/powers; the crisis of multilateralism and much more. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, Two-Volume set, is a major reference work for Foreign Policy Programmes around the world. The Handbook is designed to be accessible to graduate and postgraduate students in a wide variety of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. Both volumes are structured to address areas of critical concern to scholars at the cutting edge of all major dimensions of foreign policy. The volumes are composed of original chapters written specifically to the following themes: Research traditions and historical experience Theoretical perspectives EU actors State actors Societal actors The politics of European foreign policy Bilateral relations Relations with multilateral institutions Individual policies Transnational challenges The Handbook will be an essential reference for both advanced students and scholars.
Chapter 55: Introduction: Policies
European foreign policy is a neat umbrella term that on the one hand comprises both national and common European foreign policy. However, the much cherished term Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) is potentially misleading as it not a policy per se, rather it is an institutional arrangement that specifies decision-making rules for a certain set of policies. In addition, the broader notion of European foreign policy comprises a range of additional, more specific and functional policies directed towards the international system, ranging across issues such as trade, economic cooperation, human rights, development and the environment. This part of the Handbook aims at reviewing research on eight of the most significant such policies. Given that ...