During the last two decades the study of European foreign policy has experienced remarkable growth, presumably reflecting a more significant international role of the European Union. The Union has significantly expanded its policy portfolio and though empty symbolic politics still exists, the Union’s international relations have become more substantial and its foreign policy more focused. European foreign policy has become a dynamic policy area, being adapted to changing challenges and environments, such as the Arab Spring, new emerging economies/powers; the crisis of multilateralism and much more. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, Two-Volume set, is a major reference work for Foreign Policy Programmes around the world. The Handbook is designed to be accessible to graduate and postgraduate students in a wide variety of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. Both volumes are structured to address areas of critical concern to scholars at the cutting edge of all major dimensions of foreign policy. The volumes are composed of original chapters written specifically to the following themes: • Research traditions and historical experience • Theoretical perspectives• EU actors• State actors• Societal actors• The politics of European foreign policy• Bilateral relations• Relations with multilateral institutions• Individual policies• Transnational challenges The Handbook will be an essential reference for both advanced students and scholars.

The EU's Relations with Multilateral Institutions

The EU's relations with multilateral institutions
Jan Orbie Bregt Saenen Joren Verschaeve Ferdi De Ville

Introduction

This chapter reviews the existing scholarship on the European Union (EU) in international organizations (IO)1, with a particular focus on the socio-economic institutions: World Trade Organization (WTO), International Labour Organization (ILO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), International Monetary Fund (IMF), and World Bank (WB). The institutions addressed in this chapter all cover socio-economic topics, ranging from social affairs to development cooperation, trade policy, and monetary issues. Moreover, what characterizes these institutions is that it is the European Commission and not the European External Action Service (EEAS) ...

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