During the last two decades the study of European foreign policy has experienced remarkable growth, presumably reflecting a more significant international role of the European Union. The Union has significantly expanded its policy portfolio and though empty symbolic politics still exists, the Unions international relations have become more substantial and its foreign policy more focused. European foreign policy has become a dynamic policy area, being adapted to changing challenges and environments, such as the Arab Spring, new emerging economies/powers; the crisis of multilateralism and much more. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, Two-Volume set, is a major reference work for Foreign Policy Programmes around the world. The Handbook is designed to be accessible to graduate and postgraduate students in a wide variety of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. Both volumes are structured to address areas of critical concern to scholars at the cutting edge of all major dimensions of foreign policy. The volumes are composed of original chapters written specifically to the following themes: Research traditions and historical experience Theoretical perspectives EU actors State actors Societal actors The politics of European foreign policy Bilateral relations Relations with multilateral institutions Individual policies Transnational challenges The Handbook will be an essential reference for both advanced students and scholars.
Chapter 45: EU–Brazil Relations as a Developing Field of Study: State-of-the-Art and Perspectives on Future Research
EU–Brazil Relations as a Developing Field of Study: State-of-the-Art and Perspectives on Future Research
Brazil's recent rise in the political, economic and trade spheres has prompted the European Union (EU) to recalibrate its traditional relations with the country so as to match the former's status as a twenty-first century ‘emerging power’ with international ambitions whilst circumventing the protracted EU–Mercosur free trade agreement. Although the EU–Brazil relationship dates back to the 1980s, when an economic and commercial cooperation agreement was first signed between the two parties, and a third-generation agreement was formally established in 1992, the fact remains that little further progress has been ...