During the last two decades the study of European foreign policy has experienced remarkable growth, presumably reflecting a more significant international role of the European Union. The Union has significantly expanded its policy portfolio and though empty symbolic politics still exists, the Unions international relations have become more substantial and its foreign policy more focused. European foreign policy has become a dynamic policy area, being adapted to changing challenges and environments, such as the Arab Spring, new emerging economies/powers; the crisis of multilateralism and much more. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, Two-Volume set, is a major reference work for Foreign Policy Programmes around the world. The Handbook is designed to be accessible to graduate and postgraduate students in a wide variety of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. Both volumes are structured to address areas of critical concern to scholars at the cutting edge of all major dimensions of foreign policy. The volumes are composed of original chapters written specifically to the following themes: Research traditions and historical experience Theoretical perspectives EU actors State actors Societal actors The politics of European foreign policy Bilateral relations Relations with multilateral institutions Individual policies Transnational challenges The Handbook will be an essential reference for both advanced students and scholars.
Chapter 31: Think Tanks and European Foreign Policy: Transnational Politics of Expertise
Think Tanks and European Foreign Policy: Transnational Politics of Expertise
What is the role and significance of think tanks in European foreign policy? Do they matter and, if so, how and under what conditions? The growth of foreign-policy think tanks in Europe is indisputable, as are their increasing activities on the fringes of, and sometimes direct involvement in, the process of making European policy, including foreign policy (Abelson 2014; Missiroli and Ioannides 2012; Biscop 2005; Howorth 2004; Boucher 2004; Stone 2004; Sherrington 2000). Whether think tanks provide independent expertise based on scientific authority, act as policy advocates, provide forums for debate, or play a more symbolic and legitimating role ...