During the last two decades the study of European foreign policy has experienced remarkable growth, presumably reflecting a more significant international role of the European Union. The Union has significantly expanded its policy portfolio and though empty symbolic politics still exists, the Union’s international relations have become more substantial and its foreign policy more focused. European foreign policy has become a dynamic policy area, being adapted to changing challenges and environments, such as the Arab Spring, new emerging economies/powers; the crisis of multilateralism and much more. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, Two-Volume set, is a major reference work for Foreign Policy Programmes around the world. The Handbook is designed to be accessible to graduate and postgraduate students in a wide variety of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. Both volumes are structured to address areas of critical concern to scholars at the cutting edge of all major dimensions of foreign policy. The volumes are composed of original chapters written specifically to the following themes: • Research traditions and historical experience • Theoretical perspectives• EU actors• State actors• Societal actors• The politics of European foreign policy• Bilateral relations• Relations with multilateral institutions• Individual policies• Transnational challenges The Handbook will be an essential reference for both advanced students and scholars.

News Media as Actors in European Foreign-Policymaking

News media as actors in European foreign-policymaking
Paul Gillespie

Introduction

Mass media have been described as ‘the unknown player in European integration’ (Trenz 2008: 291). The point applies just as forcibly to foreign-policymaking as to more mainstream aspects of this research field. The gap in research and knowledge is being addressed and filled out by studies of how public opinion, democratic accountability and the politicisation of integration are affected by media agenda setting, information provision and their role in creating a more Europeanised public sphere. The field covers many aspects of European integration and necessarily draws on a range of disciplines including, most recently, communications and media studies. These disciplines connect the two distinct fields ...

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