During the last two decades the study of European foreign policy has experienced remarkable growth, presumably reflecting a more significant international role of the European Union. The Union has significantly expanded its policy portfolio and though empty symbolic politics still exists, the Union’s international relations have become more substantial and its foreign policy more focused. European foreign policy has become a dynamic policy area, being adapted to changing challenges and environments, such as the Arab Spring, new emerging economies/powers; the crisis of multilateralism and much more. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, Two-Volume set, is a major reference work for Foreign Policy Programmes around the world. The Handbook is designed to be accessible to graduate and postgraduate students in a wide variety of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. Both volumes are structured to address areas of critical concern to scholars at the cutting edge of all major dimensions of foreign policy. The volumes are composed of original chapters written specifically to the following themes: • Research traditions and historical experience • Theoretical perspectives• EU actors• State actors• Societal actors• The politics of European foreign policy• Bilateral relations• Relations with multilateral institutions• Individual policies• Transnational challenges The Handbook will be an essential reference for both advanced students and scholars.

The European External Action Service

The European External Action Service
Ana E. Juncos Karolina Pomorska


The European External Action Service (EEAS) is the most recent innovation in the fast-moving institutionalization of the EU's foreign policy. Following discussions during the Convention on the Future of Europe (2001–3) and the ill-fated Constitutional Treaty (2004), the EEAS was finally brought to life by the Lisbon Treaty, which came into force on 1 December 2009. Led by the EU's High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the Commission (HRVP), its establishment was hailed as the ‘most ambitious reform effort in European foreign policy, ever’ (Lehne, 2011: 2). It took two years, however, to create the Service, ...

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