During the last two decades the study of European foreign policy has experienced remarkable growth, presumably reflecting a more significant international role of the European Union. The Union has significantly expanded its policy portfolio and though empty symbolic politics still exists, the Union’s international relations have become more substantial and its foreign policy more focused. European foreign policy has become a dynamic policy area, being adapted to changing challenges and environments, such as the Arab Spring, new emerging economies/powers; the crisis of multilateralism and much more. The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, Two-Volume set, is a major reference work for Foreign Policy Programmes around the world. The Handbook is designed to be accessible to graduate and postgraduate students in a wide variety of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. Both volumes are structured to address areas of critical concern to scholars at the cutting edge of all major dimensions of foreign policy. The volumes are composed of original chapters written specifically to the following themes: • Research traditions and historical experience • Theoretical perspectives• EU actors• State actors• Societal actors• The politics of European foreign policy• Bilateral relations• Relations with multilateral institutions• Individual policies• Transnational challenges The Handbook will be an essential reference for both advanced students and scholars.

Introduction: EU Actors

Introduction: EU actors
Edith Drieskens

This cluster of chapters intends to define the state of the art of research on European actors in European foreign policy. Leading experts take the reader on a grand tour that includes formal institutions, like the European Parliament and the Court of Justice, as well as the Presidencies, the European External Action Service and the actors involved in the governance of defence, security intelligence and trade. Looking above and below the waterline of the European treaties, these experts detail a crowded yet fascinating world of common and less common creatures. In line with the project's overall philosophy, contributors are asked to evaluate the most important literature in their field of study by reviewing ...

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