Recent decades have seen an upsurge of research with and about young children, their families and communities. The Handbook of Early Childhood Research will provide a landmark overview of the field of early childhood research and will set an agenda for early childhood research into the future. It includes 31 chapters provided by internationally recognized experts in early childhood research. The team of international contributors apply their expertise to conceptual and methodological issues in research and to relevant fields of practice and policy. The Handbook recognizes the main contexts of early childhood research: home and family contexts; out-of-home contexts such as services for young children and their families; and broader societal contexts of that evoke risk for young children. The Handbook includes sections on: the field of early childhood research and its key contributions new theories and theoretical approaches in early childhood research collecting and analysing data applications of early childhood research This Handbook will become the valuable reference text for students, practitioners and researchers from across the social sciences and beyond who are engaged in research with young children.
Chapter 20: Contexts of Risk and Exploitation
Contexts of Risk and Exploitation
Childhood has been considered to be a distinct developmental period from ancient times, regardless of empirical knowledge of children and their development across different regions. Childhood in itself has been divided into different stages. Across different theories, the term ‘Early Childhood’ refers to the period that may span birth to 8 years (OECD, 2006). There are geographical and regional variations in the definition of Early Childhood Development (ECD). In India, it is taken to be from birth to 6 years but for this chapter, birth to 8 years has been considered as the early childhood period. This is an important and distinct stage in childhood development. Early childhood development is influenced by an ...