Recent decades have seen an upsurge of research with and about young children, their families and communities. The Handbook of Early Childhood Research will provide a landmark overview of the field of early childhood research and will set an agenda for early childhood research into the future. It includes 31 chapters provided by internationally recognized experts in early childhood research. The team of international contributors apply their expertise to conceptual and methodological issues in research and to relevant fields of practice and policy. The Handbook recognizes the main contexts of early childhood research: home and family contexts; out-of-home contexts such as services for young children and their families; and broader societal contexts of that evoke risk for young children. The Handbook includes sections on: the field of early childhood research and its key contributions new theories and theoretical approaches in early childhood research collecting and analysing data applications of early childhood research This Handbook will become the valuable reference text for students, practitioners and researchers from across the social sciences and beyond who are engaged in research with young children.
Chapter 16: A Conversation Analytic Approach to Research on Early Childhood
A Conversation Analytic Approach to Research on Early Childhood
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, two pioneers of the social and behavioral sciences – Erving Goffman and Harold Garfinkel – identified significant gaps in the study of human social life. Goffman, who had trained with sociologists and anthropologists in the methods of ethnography, wrote of the ‘neglected situation’ – that substratum of co-present interaction that runs underneath and provides the foundation for all social life (see Goffman 1964, 1967). Garfinkel, a student of Talcott Parsons who had been inspired by the writings of Alfred Schutz and other phenomenologists, noted that social order was the product of members’ methodic procedures for producing and recognizing such ...