Recent authoritative evidence suggests that an estimated 200 million children under five fail to achieve their developmental potential due to factors including poor health and nutrition and the lack of stable high quality care. A significant number of the world's children today lack the basic rights to health, development and protection. In light of such statistics, early childhood services for young children have expanded around the world. The SAGE Handbook of Early Childhood Policy draws critical attention to policy in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) its relationship to service provision and its impact on the lives of children and families. The perspectives of leading academics and researchers from Europe, North America, South America, Africa, Australasia and Asia have been arranged around five key themes: Part 1: The Relationship Between Research, Policy And Practice: Country Case Studies Part 2: Equitable Early Childhood Services: Intervention to Improve Children's Life Chances Part 3: Extending Practice: The Role of Early Childhood Services In Family Support Part 4: Participation, Rights and Diversity Part 5: Future Directions for Early Childhood Policy This handbook is essential reading for practitioners, stakeholders and others committed to working within early years services to achieve an awareness of policy and its implications for services and practice.

Early Childhood Policies in India: A Historical Analysis

Early Childhood Policies in India: A Historical Analysis

Early Childhood Policies in India: A Historical Analysis
Venita Kaul Shipra Sharma

Introduction: The Challenge of Being ‘India'

India is unique in being the world's largest democracy with a federal structure of 29 states or provinces and seven union territories, collectively known as the Republic of India. India's predominant challenges are its socio-demographic features, primarily its scale and its diversity. The scale comes from its population of 1.3 billion (Census of India, 2011) and the diversity from the co-existence of 2000 ethnic groups, 29 official languages (and many dialects), and from the fact that all the religions of the world are represented in the country. The population size enables India to be ...

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