Recent authoritative evidence suggests that an estimated 200 million children under five fail to achieve their developmental potential due to factors including poor health and nutrition and the lack of stable high quality care. A significant number of the world's children today lack the basic rights to health, development and protection. In light of such statistics, early childhood services for young children have expanded around the world. The SAGE Handbook of Early Childhood Policy draws critical attention to policy in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) its relationship to service provision and its impact on the lives of children and families. The perspectives of leading academics and researchers from Europe, North America, South America, Africa, Australasia and Asia have been arranged around five key themes: Part 1: The Relationship Between Research, Policy And Practice: Country Case Studies Part 2: Equitable Early Childhood Services: Intervention to Improve Children's Life Chances Part 3: Extending Practice: The Role of Early Childhood Services In Family Support Part 4: Participation, Rights and Diversity Part 5: Future Directions for Early Childhood Policy This handbook is essential reading for practitioners, stakeholders and others committed to working within early years services to achieve an awareness of policy and its implications for services and practice.

Costs and Benefits of Early Childhood Education and Care

Costs and Benefits of Early Childhood Education and Care

Costs and Benefits of Early Childhood Education and Care
W. Steven Barnett Milagros Nores

Introduction

Recent years have seen a tremendous increase in research on early childhood education and care (ECEC) reflecting increased public attention to the issue and government investments in this sector. Substantial private and public funding in many countries across a wide span of national incomes now supports increased investment in non-parental care and education for children prior to their entry to primary school. Public sector expenditure on pre-primary education alone now surpasses 1 percent of GDP in some countries and exceeds 0.4 percent in nearly all OECD countries (OECD, 2015). Some countries in Latin America also ...

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