With contributions from leading international academics across the biological sciences, this handbook takes a critical look at the key contemporary issues and debates in the field. The 31 chapters are divided into four parts: Part I Determination of Substance Misuse Part II PK and PD in Relation to Patterns of Use Part III Detection and Treatment of Drug and Alcohol Use Part IV Controversies and New Approaches This Handbook is an excellent reference text for the growing number of academics, students, scientists and practitioners in the drug and alcohol studies community, and will be a vital resource to the allied professions involved in work-place drug testing, clinical toxicology, and forensic science.

Chapter 31: Exploratory Models to Explain Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and its Association with Substance Use

Exploratory Models to Explain Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and its Association with Substance Use

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and its Association with Substance Use
Susan YoungOttilie Sedgwick

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition which can persist throughout the lifespan. At its core, there is a persistent and pervasive pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsiveness (Bolea-Alamanac et al., 2014). It is recognised internationally and across cultures (Hodgkins et al., 2011) and is thought to affect over 3–7% of children (Polanczyk et al., 2007, Willcutt, 2012) and 1–5% of adults (Kessler et al., 2006, Simon et al., 2009, Willcutt, 2012).

This chapter will focus on the high co-occurrence of ADHD and substance use disorder (SUD). The chapter will first present a general overview diagnosing ADHD. This will be followed ...

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