With contributions from leading international academics across the biological sciences, this handbook takes a critical look at the key contemporary issues and debates in the field. The 31 chapters are divided into four parts: Part I Determination of Substance Misuse Part II PK and PD in Relation to Patterns of Use Part III Detection and Treatment of Drug and Alcohol Use Part IV Controversies and New Approaches This Handbook is an excellent reference text for the growing number of academics, students, scientists and practitioners in the drug and alcohol studies community, and will be a vital resource to the allied professions involved in work-place drug testing, clinical toxicology, and forensic science.

Chapter 30: ADHD: Pathways into Addiction, Diagnosis and Pharmacotherapy

ADHD: Pathways into Addiction, Diagnosis and Pharmacotherapy

ADHD: Pathway into Addiction, Option for Treatment?
Pieter-Jan CarpentierPhilip AshersonUlrich Mller

Introduction

The diagnosis of ADHD in adult patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) is a relatively new concept. Although the first reports of an association between ADHD and addiction date from around 1970, only in the last two decades has the high prevalence of ADHD in SUDs patients been more systematically evaluated.

ADHD: general approaches to diagnosis and treatment

Prevalence and clinical characteristics

Although the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in childhood is well established, the condition has for a variety of reasons been a controversial diagnosis (Spencer et al, 1998). In view of the high prevalence of this hitherto unrecognised disorder and the possible lack of specificity of some of its ...

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