With contributions from leading international academics across the biological sciences, this handbook takes a critical look at the key contemporary issues and debates in the field. The 31 chapters are divided into four parts: Part I Determination of Substance Misuse Part II PK and PD in Relation to Patterns of Use Part III Detection and Treatment of Drug and Alcohol Use Part IV Controversies and New Approaches This Handbook is an excellent reference text for the growing number of academics, students, scientists and practitioners in the drug and alcohol studies community, and will be a vital resource to the allied professions involved in work-place drug testing, clinical toxicology, and forensic science.
Chapter 25: Non-addictive Drug Use: The Way Forward
Non-addictive Drug Use: The Way Forward
Psychoactive drugs are chemical compounds which influence our subjective perception and/or our behaviour. Human beings consume psychoactive drugs voluntarily (Abel, 1980; Waldorf et al., 1991; Heath, 2000; Amendt, 2003). Their consumption may range from a one-trial experience, after which the consuming behaviour is never repeated up to a stage of drug addiction where virtually all behavioural activity is directed towards the consumption of one or more psychoactive drugs. What starts with a single episode, remembered as an episodic memory (Müller, 2013), may finally control the complete behavioural repertoire of an individual.
Drug addiction is regarded a major psychiatric disorder which carries a considerable burden for individuals and their social environment (Nutt et ...