With contributions from leading international academics across the biological sciences, this handbook takes a critical look at the key contemporary issues and debates in the field. The 31 chapters are divided into four parts: Part I Determination of Substance Misuse Part II PK and PD in Relation to Patterns of Use Part III Detection and Treatment of Drug and Alcohol Use Part IV Controversies and New Approaches This Handbook is an excellent reference text for the growing number of academics, students, scientists and practitioners in the drug and alcohol studies community, and will be a vital resource to the allied professions involved in work-place drug testing, clinical toxicology, and forensic science.

Chapter 17: A Brief Overview of the Detection of Drug and Alcohol Use: The Matching of Purposes and Procedures

A Brief Overview of the Detection of Drug and Alcohol Use: The Matching of Purposes and Procedures

A Brief Overview of the Detection of Drug and Alcohol Use: The Matching of Purposes and Procedures
Kim WolffMichael Gossop

INTRODUCTION

Biological testing procedures for substance use are extensively used for a variety of purposes, and there has been an increase in the number and types of testing procedures available in recent years. The emergence of recreational drug use as the norm rather than the exception has proved challenging for laboratory services who may have to adapt to a different range of substances from the more traditional biological screening and testing methods used previously (Wolff et al., 1999).

The purpose of testing and the rationale for specific analytical tests depend upon ...

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