This Handbook presents a comprehensive and contemporary compendium of the field of cross-cultural management (CCM). In recognition of current trends regarding migration, political ethnocentrisms and increasing nationalism, the chapters in this volume not only cover the traditional domains of CCM such as expatriation, global (virtual) teamwork and leadership, but also examine emerging topics such as bi/multi-culturalism, migration, religion and more, all considered from a global perspective. The result is a Handbook that acknowledges and builds on a variety of research traditions (from mainstream to critical), updates existing knowledge in relation to current challenges, and sets the direction for future research and developments, making this an invaluable resource for researchers in the field, and across related areas of international business, management, and intercultural relations. Part 1: Multiple Research Paradigms for the Study of Culture; Part 2: Research Methods in Cross-Cultural Management; Part 3: Cross-Cultural Management and Intersecting Fields of Study; Part 4: Individuals and Teams in Cross-Cultural Management; Part 5: Global mobility and Cross-Cultural Management; Part 6: Developing Intercultural Competence.
Chapter 1: Culture in Cross-Cultural Management: Its Seminal Contributors from a Positivist Perspective
Culture in Cross-Cultural Management: Its Seminal Contributors from a Positivist Perspective
Several interlocking developments fostered the rise of cross-cultural management (CCM) research from a positivist perspective in the first half of the twentieth century pertaining to society, the political, economic and business sphere, as well as to the scientific community. With technological developments in transportation, travel became easier and several waves of migration and immigration, mainly due to economic and political reasons, led to a multicultural workforce in the United States with different kinds of value orientations underlying the common quest for a new and promising future. The long period of peace after Napoleon's ...