This Handbook presents a comprehensive and contemporary compendium of the field of cross-cultural management (CCM). In recognition of current trends regarding migration, political ethnocentrisms and increasing nationalism, the chapters in this volume not only cover the traditional domains of CCM such as expatriation, global (virtual) teamwork and leadership, but also examine emerging topics such as bi/multi-culturalism, migration, religion and more, all considered from a global perspective. The result is a Handbook that acknowledges and builds on a variety of research traditions (from mainstream to critical), updates existing knowledge in relation to current challenges, and sets the direction for future research and developments, making this an invaluable resource for researchers in the field, and across related areas of international business, management, and intercultural relations. Part 1: Multiple Research Paradigms for the Study of Culture; Part 2: Research Methods in Cross-Cultural Management; Part 3: Cross-Cultural Management and Intersecting Fields of Study; Part 4: Individuals and Teams in Cross-Cultural Management; Part 5: Global mobility and Cross-Cultural Management; Part 6: Developing Intercultural Competence.
Chapter 28: The Changing Context of Expatriation and its Impact on Cross-Cultural Management
The Changing Context of Expatriation and its Impact on Cross-Cultural Management
Expatriation: Key Areas of Research
Expatriation is the process of voluntarily choosing to live outside one's country of citizenship. It involves a temporary relocation to another country for the purposes of legally paid work (McNulty & Brewster, 2017b; McNulty & Selmer, 2017). So ‘expatriates’ are people who engage in a physical relocation to another country, with or without accompanying family members as appropriate, for work, and with the intention of staying there only temporarily.
Expatriation occurs on a continuum which we can divide into high-status, mid-status and low-status expatriates. Expatriates exist at all ...