The study of contemporary China constitutes a fascinating yet challenging area of scholarly inquiry. Recent decades have brought dramatic changes to China's economy, society and governance. Analyzing such changes in the context of multiple disciplinary perspectives offers opportunites as well as challenges for scholars in the field known as contemporary China Studies. The SAGE Handbook of Contemporary China is a two-volume exploration of the transformations of contemporary China, firmly grounded in the both disciplinary and China-specific contexts. Drawing on a range of scholarly approaches found in the social sciences and history, an international team of contributors engage with the question of what a rapidly changing China means for the broader field of contemporary China studies, and identify areas of promising future research. Part 1: Context: History, Economy, and the Environment Part 2: Economic Transformations Part 3: Politics and Government Part 4: China on the Global Stage Part 5: China's Foreign Policy Part 6: National and Nested Identities Part 7: Urbanization and Spatial Development Part 8: Poverty and Inequality Part 9: Social Change Part 10: Future Directions for Contemporary China Studies
Chapter 41: Financing Urbanization and Infrastructure
Financing Urbanization and Infrastructure
Rapid urbanization in the post-reform period has resulted in a very high demand for infrastructure. On an aggregate level, China has made significant progress in infrastructure services since 1979. Most urban residents have access to faucet water, cooking gas, and public transportation. There are, however, noticeable differences in nearly all available indicators of urban infrastructure services across the three large regions (eastern, central, and western). Cities in the eastern region uniformly enjoy higher levels of service in all sectors. In many inland provinces, utility services, such as public transportation, roads, streets, water supply, and waste treatment, are in poorer conditions (Wu 2010).
Infrastructure financing at the local level in China is fundamentally ...