The study of contemporary China constitutes a fascinating yet challenging area of scholarly inquiry. Recent decades have brought dramatic changes to China's economy, society and governance. Analyzing such changes in the context of multiple disciplinary perspectives offers opportunites as well as challenges for scholars in the field known as contemporary China Studies. The SAGE Handbook of Contemporary China is a two-volume exploration of the transformations of contemporary China, firmly grounded in the both disciplinary and China-specific contexts. Drawing on a range of scholarly approaches found in the social sciences and history, an international team of contributors engage with the question of what a rapidly changing China means for the broader field of contemporary China studies, and identify areas of promising future research. Part 1: Context: History, Economy, and the Environment Part 2: Economic Transformations Part 3: Politics and Government Part 4: China on the Global Stage Part 5: China's Foreign Policy Part 6: National and Nested Identities Part 7: Urbanization and Spatial Development Part 8: Poverty and Inequality Part 9: Social Change Part 10: Future Directions for Contemporary China Studies

Hong Kong Identity

Hong Kong Identity

Hong Kong Identity
Ho-Fung Hung


In a poll conducted in 2016 by the University of Hong Kong inquiring about self-identification among a random sample of Hong Kong residents, nearly 70 percent responded that they are Hong Kongers, as opposed to about 30 percent identifying themselves as Chinese. Hong Kong sovereignty was transferred from Britain to China under the ‘one country, two systems’ arrangement, which was warranted in the Sino-British Declaration of 1984 and presaged that Hong Kong would retain its preexisting ‘Hong Kong way of life’ and would take care of all its internal affairs through self-governance after the sovereignty handover. Since then, the prevalence of self-declared Hong Kong identity has moved up and down, but the general ...

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