The study of contemporary China constitutes a fascinating yet challenging area of scholarly inquiry. Recent decades have brought dramatic changes to China's economy, society and governance. Analyzing such changes in the context of multiple disciplinary perspectives offers opportunites as well as challenges for scholars in the field known as contemporary China Studies. The SAGE Handbook of Contemporary China is a two-volume exploration of the transformations of contemporary China, firmly grounded in the both disciplinary and China-specific contexts. Drawing on a range of scholarly approaches found in the social sciences and history, an international team of contributors engage with the question of what a rapidly changing China means for the broader field of contemporary China studies, and identify areas of promising future research. Part 1: Context: History, Economy, and the Environment Part 2: Economic Transformations Part 3: Politics and Government Part 4: China on the Global Stage Part 5: China's Foreign Policy Part 6: National and Nested Identities Part 7: Urbanization and Spatial Development Part 8: Poverty and Inequality Part 9: Social Change Part 10: Future Directions for Contemporary China Studies

Chinese–Russian Relations1

Chinese–Russian Relations1

Chinese–Russian Relations
Alexander Lukin


From the time the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, its relations with the Soviet Union/Russia have passed through several stages, changing from an alliance to a period of confrontation, and culminating in today's ‘strategic partnership and cooperation.’ What began as a friendship between two communist giants (1949 to the end of the 1950s), shifted to a period of polemics and confrontation (the early 1960s to the end of the 1970s), normalization (the end of the 1970s to 1989), the establishment of relations with modern Russia (the 1990s) and, finally, the formation of a strategic partnership (from the early 21st century to the present). Each of those stages has had its own particular ...

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