The study of contemporary China constitutes a fascinating yet challenging area of scholarly inquiry. Recent decades have brought dramatic changes to China's economy, society and governance. Analyzing such changes in the context of multiple disciplinary perspectives offers opportunites as well as challenges for scholars in the field known as contemporary China Studies. The SAGE Handbook of Contemporary China is a two-volume exploration of the transformations of contemporary China, firmly grounded in the both disciplinary and China-specific contexts. Drawing on a range of scholarly approaches found in the social sciences and history, an international team of contributors engage with the question of what a rapidly changing China means for the broader field of contemporary China studies, and identify areas of promising future research. Part 1: Context: History, Economy, and the Environment Part 2: Economic Transformations Part 3: Politics and Government Part 4: China on the Global Stage Part 5: China's Foreign Policy Part 6: National and Nested Identities Part 7: Urbanization and Spatial Development Part 8: Poverty and Inequality Part 9: Social Change Part 10: Future Directions for Contemporary China Studies
Chapter 22: China and Global Energy Governance
China and Global Energy Governance
In the early 20th century, China was dependent on oil imports and international oil companies in what Chinese perceived as an exploitive relationship. Chinese said that China was ‘戴着贫油帽子’ (wearing the oil poor hat), weak and dependent on ‘羊油’ (oil imported from across the Pacific Ocean). In the past century, China's energy identities have shifted from dependent net oil importer, self-reliant economy, net oil exporter, industrializing net oil importer, and currently world's largest net oil importer seeking a larger role in global energy governance.
China's relationship to the world oil market has been a source of ongoing domestic debates. Although coal is China's primary energy source, this chapter will focus ...