The study of contemporary China constitutes a fascinating yet challenging area of scholarly inquiry. Recent decades have brought dramatic changes to China's economy, society and governance. Analyzing such changes in the context of multiple disciplinary perspectives offers opportunites as well as challenges for scholars in the field known as contemporary China Studies. The SAGE Handbook of Contemporary China is a two-volume exploration of the transformations of contemporary China, firmly grounded in the both disciplinary and China-specific contexts. Drawing on a range of scholarly approaches found in the social sciences and history, an international team of contributors engage with the question of what a rapidly changing China means for the broader field of contemporary China studies, and identify areas of promising future research. Part 1: Context: History, Economy, and the Environment Part 2: Economic Transformations Part 3: Politics and Government Part 4: China on the Global Stage Part 5: China's Foreign Policy Part 6: National and Nested Identities Part 7: Urbanization and Spatial Development Part 8: Poverty and Inequality Part 9: Social Change Part 10: Future Directions for Contemporary China Studies
Chapter 20: Legal and Judicial System
Legal and Judicial System
The modern Chinese legal system dates from 1978, with the introduction of Deng Xiaoping's ‘Open Door policy'. The formulation of a comprehensive code of legislation, the establishment of a functional court system and the invigoration of a lively academic and professional legal profession all owe their inception to Deng's recognition that the opening up of the economy required the establishment of a functional legal system (Wang, 2010). The development of the system and the ongoing challenges that this has presented and continues to present at all levels of Chinese society constitutes a study that fascinates Chinese and foreigners alike.
This chapter looks briefly at the development of the legislative and judicial systems ...