Comprising 60.3 percent of the world's 7.2 billion population, Asia is an enigma to many in the West. Hugely dynamic in its demographic, economic, technological and financial development, its changes are as rapid as they are diverse. The SAGE Handbook of Asian Foreign Policy provides the reader with a clear, balanced and comprehensive overview on Asia's foreign policy and accompanying theoretical trends. Placing the diverse and dynamic substance of Asia's international relations first, and bringing together an authoritative assembly of contributors from across the world, this is a reliable introduction to non-Western intellectual traditions in Asia. VOLUME 1: PART 1: Theories; PART 2: Themes; PART 3: Transnational Politics; PART 4: Domestic Politics; PART 5; Transnational Economics. VOLUME 2: PART 6: Foreign Policies of Asian States; Part 6a: East Asia; Part 6b: Southeast Asia; Part 6c: South & Central Asia; Part 7: Offshore Actors; Part 8: Bilateral Issues; Part 9: Comparison of Asian Sub-Regions.

Asian Subnational Governments in Foreign Affairs

Asian subnational governments in foreign affairs
Purnendra Jain


Subnational governments (SNGs) are one of the many types of actors that have pluralized foreign affairs and now have a place in the conduct of foreign policy. Theirs is a paradoxical position as international actors – from Asia or elsewhere. Their status is government, with the import that entails. But significantly it is not national, freeing them from official regulatory capacity and associated responsibility over sovereign borders that both empower and bind governments at the national level. This hybrid identity positions SNGs distinctively, at times enabling them to do what national government cannot do in international diplomacy, ...

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