The third edition of the SAGE Handbook of Action Research presents a fully updated version of the bestselling text, including new chapters written by key figures in the field covering emerging areas in healthcare, social work, education and international development, as well as an expanded ‘skills’ section which includes new consultant-relevant materials. Building on the strength of the previous editions, editor Hilary Bradbury has carefully developed the third edition to take a strong international approach to the topic of action research and thus expanding the already-impressive scale and scope of the work. In essence, the third edition follows in the footsteps of the landmark previous editions by mapping the current state of the discipline, as well as looking to the future of the field and exploring the issues at the cutting edge of the action research paradigm today. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and professionals engaged in social and political inquiry, organizational research and education.
Chapter 3: PRA, PLA and Pluralism: Practice and Theory
PRA (participatory rural appraisal) and the more inclusive PLA (participatory learning and action) are families of participatory practices which have evolved. During the 1990s and 2000s PRA/PLA spread and was applied in most countries in the world. The multifarious domains of application include natural resource management, agriculture, programmes for equity, empowerment, rights and security, community-level planning and action and participatory statistics. Related participatory methodologies which have co-evolved, shared and spread widely as movements include farmer participatory research, integrated pest management, Reflect, Stepping Stones, participatory geographic information systems and community-led total sanitation, with Reality Checks a significant recent innovation. Ideologically and epistemologically PRA/PLA seeks and embodies participatory ways to empower local ...