The third edition of the SAGE Handbook of Action Research presents a fully updated version of the bestselling text, including new chapters written by key figures in the field covering emerging areas in healthcare, social work, education and international development, as well as an expanded ‘skills’ section which includes new consultant-relevant materials. Building on the strength of the previous editions, editor Hilary Bradbury has carefully developed the third edition to take a strong international approach to the topic of action research and thus expanding the already-impressive scale and scope of the work. In essence, the third edition follows in the footsteps of the landmark previous editions by mapping the current state of the discipline, as well as looking to the future of the field and exploring the issues at the cutting edge of the action research paradigm today. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and professionals engaged in social and political inquiry, organizational research and education.
Chapter 45: Power and Knowledge
Early understandings of power in participatory research often represented it as if it were an attribute that some had and others lacked: structures, organizations and experts had power, and the oppressed, grassroots and marginalized did not. Participatory research came to be advocated and practiced as a means of remedying the power inequities through processes of knowledge production, which strengthened voice, organization and action of the marginalized and oppressed (Fals Borda and Rahman, 1991; Gaventa, 1993; Hall, 1992a; Tandon, 1982/2005). As participatory research has come to be used by a diversity of actors and for an equally diverse variety of purposes, understandings of the relationship of knowledge and power in the participatory research process have become more nuanced, ...