The Guide to Curriculum in Education illuminates how four commonplaces of curriculum--subject matter, teachers, learners, and milieu--are interdependent and interconnected in curriculum making and the ties between and controversies over public debate, policy making, university scholarship, and school practice in defining and developing curricula. Complex traditions of curriculum scholarship are traced to illuminate curriculum ideas, issues, perspectives, and possibilities. A major goal is to highlight and explicate how subject matter, teachers, learners, and context or environment are interdependent and interconnected in decision-making processes that involve local and state school boards and government agencies, educational institutions, and curriculum stakeholders at all levels. Key Features: • Organized around four parts as articulated by curriculum scholar Joseph J. Schwab: subject matter, teachers, learners, and milieu • Brief, objective chapters of 5,000 words each provide student readers with more depth than found in an encyclopedia entry • Chapters focus on key contemporary concerns and provide Further Reading suggestions for students wishing to explore a topic in more detail • The Guide focuses on 55 topical chapters organized in four parts: Subject Matter as Curriculum, Teachers as Curriculum, Students as Curriculum, and Milieu as Curriculum This guide will serve as a general, non-technical resource for students and researchers within education programs who seek to better understand the four commonplaces of curriculum and how it influences various aspects within the field of education.

Students and (Dis)Ability

Students and (dis)ability
Mara Sapon-Shevin

Delineating this topic—the education of students who are identified as being “disabled” or having a “disability”—is challenging even as we attempt to define the issue. How we think about and talk about disability affects not only our understanding of the labeled individual but also our responses and interactions with that person.

Traditional ways of talking about students with disabilities often equate the person with the disability. “He is deaf.” “She is mentally retarded.” The medical model views disability as a disease, a condition, or an affliction, and thus responses center around “treatments” and “cures.” If we view disability as something “within” the person, something problematic that causes difficulty, then our orientation will be toward “fixing” or “remediating” the difference. ...

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