Exclusion is a condition in which a person or community is prohibited from obtaining what other people or communities are entitled to have. In the present sense of the term, exclusivity is the result of a mala fide intention by which the target community or person is maliciously barred from rights and opportunities to use physical, natural, and state resources; to participate in governance and democratic process; and to avail themselves of other activities available to other members of the community. Exclusion is not always political and social; it can also be emotional and ideological. Exclusion has a close relationship with poverty. Social and political exclusion directly lead to poverty, while emotional exclusion indirectly deprives an individual from entering the mainstream and empowering themselves. Broadly ...

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